Labor is a vital factor in the productivity and development of a society

Since the beginning of history, work has been an essential activity for human life. Human
beings can satisfy their basic needs and develop their potential through work. However, work
has not always been a voluntary activity. For many centuries, forced labor was the norm, and
human beings were enslaved or forced to work in conditions of semi-slavery.

As history progressed, more and more labor rights were established to protect workers from
abuse and exploitation. Today, however, it appears that these rights are becoming
increasingly vulnerable.

Unethical labor practices and disenfranchised industries

Labor exploitation is a form of modern-day slavery, becoming an increasingly severe
problem worldwide. According to estimates by the International Labor Organization (ILO),
around 21 million people are victims of labor slavery worldwide. This means more
people are enslaved today than at any other time in history.

Victims of labor exploitation are often people in vulnerable situations, such as migrants,
homeless people, women, and children. Violence against the LGBT community is also rising,
with gays, lesbians, and transgender people being the most affected and violated.

In many cases, migrants are especially vulnerable to labor exploitation, as they may find
themselves in a foreign country without having the necessary documents to work legally.
This makes them dependent on their employer, which makes them highly vulnerable to

On the other hand, women and children are often victims of sexual exploitation, which is also
a form of modern slavery.

A silent pandemic

According to Unicef estimates, around 2 million children are victims of sexual exploitation
worldwide. This means that more than 5,000 children are victims of this type of exploitation
every year.

Labor and sexual exploitation are just some of the many problems workers face around the
world face. Other common problems include child labor, forced labor, and hazardous and
unhealthy working conditions.

In Europe today, more and more measures are being taken to protect workers’ labor rights.
In particular, efforts are being made to improve the situation of migrants working on the

For example, in 2018, the Intra-European Workers Directive was adopted, establishing a
legal framework for migrant workers in Europe. The directive aims to encourage the work
and mobility of workers on the continent while protecting their labor rights.
Measures are also being taken to protect children from labor exploitation. In particular,
efforts are being made to eradicate child labor worldwide.

According to the ILO, child labor is a problem that affects 168 million children worldwide.
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In 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development, which aims to eradicate child labor worldwide. In particular, efforts are being
made to halve the number of working children.
Italy is currently at the forefront of this effort. It has managed to reduce the number of
working children in the country by 80%.
Society has long wanted to protect the family as a fundamental pillar of its development.
However, with time and changing circumstances, this protection has been eroded.

The world demands good working conditions.

Society is constantly changing and developing, and with it, new policies that protect citizens
and families and their traditional values, which means that social welfare must constantly be
evolving to meet the new demands and needs of the environment.

This is why social development has positioned itself as a priority for governments worldwide.
It is an area in constant change and movement where laws and solutions must be
continuously adjusted to ensure the population’s welfare.

Changes in the social sphere directly affect people’s quality of life, and it is, therefore,
essential that they are taken into account to ensure a better future for all.


International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour

Child labour rises to 160 million – first increase in two decades

International Labour Organization